- Ernest Bai Koroma was sworn in as Sierra Leone's new president on 17 September 2007. He won 54.6% of the vote in a run-off with the incumbent vice-president Solomon Berewa. Mr Koroma promised zero tolerance on corruption in his inaugural speech. He also said he'd fight against the mismanagement of state resources. He was born in Makeni, Bombali District in the Northern Province in 1953, and is an insurance broker who says he wants to run Sierra Leone like a business concern.
Mr Koroma's All People's Congress (APC) also won a majority in parliamentary elections held in August 2007.
His predecessor Ahmad Tejan Kabbah is credited with bringing in foreign help to rescue the country. Mr Kabbah stepped down in August 2007 after serving two terms in office.
- A Truth and Reconciliation Commission was formed in 2002 to address the source of conflicts in the country and to reintegrate ex-combatants into the communities to guarantee future stability.
With the request of the government and the people of Sierra Leone, the Special Court for Sierra Leone was established to try those responsible for the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Sierra Leone after 30 November 1996 during the Sierra Leone Civil War. The court is located in Freetown.
- The economic and social infrastructure is lacking and Sierra Leone is still one of the poorest countries of the world, although the situation is slowly improving. the most pressing problems facing the country's 5.5 million inhabitants are povery, illiteracy, corruption and unemployment.